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  • Ex . 1.5 Translate into Russian. State the form and the function of the gerund.

  • Ex. 1.6 Translate into English using the gerund.

  • Ex. 1.7 Put the gerund in brackets into Active or Passive form.

  • Remember some verbs and phrases after which we use the gerund with a definite preposition

  • Ex. 1.9 Translate into Russian paying attention to the gerund.

  • Ex. 1.10 Translate into English using the gerund.

  • Gerundial Constructions

  • Ex. 2.1 Make up five sentences from each table.

  • Ex. 2.2 Transform the subordinate clauses with the prepositions in brackets.

  • Ex. 2.3 Combine the sentences using Gerundial Constructions. Model

  • Ex . 2.4 Paraphrase the sentences using Gerundial Constructions. Models

  • Ex. 2.5 Find gerundial constructions in the following sentences and state their syntactic function. Translate the sentences.

  • Ex. 2.6 Transform the following sentences using Gerundial Constructions with prepositions where necessary. 1. My teacher insists that I should read aloud every day.

  • The fact that you took English lessons some years ago

  • When the young man graduated from Harvard

  • Grammar exercises (общая) дораб. Of the Verb Tenses in Active and Passive Voice


    НазваниеOf the Verb Tenses in Active and Passive Voice
    АнкорGrammar exercises (общая) дораб.doc
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    Ex. 1.4 Translate into Russian. State the function of the gerund.

    1. I understand perfectly your wishing to start the work at once. 2. Everybody will discuss the event, there is no preventing it. 3. At last he broke the silence by inviting everybody to walk into the dining room. 4. On being told the news she turned pale. 5. The place is worth visiting. 6. Watching football matches may be exciting enough, but of course it is more exciting playing football. 7. She stopped coming to see us, and I wondered what had happened to her. 8. Can you remember having seen the man before? 9. She was terrified of having to speak to anybody, and even more, of being spoken to. 10. Reading French is easier than speaking it. 11. After being corrected by the teacher, the students' papers were returned to them. 12.I wondered at my mother's having allowed the journey.
    Ex. 1.5 Translate into Russian. State the form and the function of the gerund.

    1. She has always dreamt of living in a small house by the sea. 2. She disliked living in her old house. 3. She likes cooking and is very good at it. 4. But she doesn't like washing and ironing. 5. She hates getting up early, but she has to. 6. She doesn't mind working a lot, you know. 7. She enjoys driving an expensive car. 8. But she hates flying and she's never been overseas. 9. She enjoys being photographed because she thinks she's beautiful. 10. Oh, please, do stop laughing at him. 11. Would you mind coming again in a day or two? 12. She could not help smiling. 13. I cannot put off doing this translation. 14. Though David was tired, he went on walking in the direction of Dover. 15.I avoided speaking to them about that matter. 16. She burst out crying. 17. They burst out laughing. 18. She denied having been at home that evening. 19. Excuse my leaving you at such a moment. 20. He gave up smoking a few years ago. 21. Her husband used to smoke, but he stopped smoking two years ago. 22. Have you finished washing the dishes yet? 23. He postponed going to New York as he felt ill.
    Ex. 1.6 Translate into English using the gerund.

    1. Перестаньте разговаривать. 2. Мы закончили работу над этой проблемой. 3. Продолжайте петь. 4. Вы не против того, чтобы открыть окно? 5. Он отрицал свое участие в преступлении. 6. Я очень люблю рисовать. 7. Мы получили удовольствие от плавания. 8. Я не могла, не согласиться с ним. 9. Он рассмеялся. 10. Она бросила курить. 11. Она избегала встречи с ним. 12. Мы отложим обсуждения доклада. 13. Она отрицала, что украла деньги. 14. Давайте отложим поездку на дачу до следующей субботы. 15. Простите, что я потерял вашу ручку. 16. Я не возражаю против того, чтобы остаться дома и поработать над cвоим переводом. 17. Я не могу не беспокоиться о них: они перестали писать. 18. Мальчик любит командовать своей сестрой. 19. Не могли ли вы дать мне книгу, когда закончите ее читать? 20. Я перестала есть мясо и каждый день получаю удовольствие от более здоровой пищи.
    Ex. 1.7 Put the gerund in brackets into Active or Passive form.

    1. He was always ready for (to help) people. 2. He was very glad of (to help) in his difficulty. 3. On (to allow) to leave the room the children immediately ran out into the yard and began (to play). In (to make) this experiment they came across some very interesting phenomena. 5. The results of the experiment must be checked and rechecked before (to publish). 6. David was tired of (to scold) all the time. 7. The watch requires (to repair). 8. The problem is not worth (to discuss). 9. Jane Eyre remembered (to lock) up in the red room for (to contradict) Mrs. Reed. 10. Why do you avoid (to speak) to me? 11. She tried to avoid (to speak) to. 12. The doctor insisted on (to send) the sick man to hospital. 13. The child insisted on (to send) home at once. 14. Do you mind him (to examine) by a heart specialist? 15. He showed no sigh of (to recognize) me. 16. She showed no sign of (to surprise). 17. He had a strange habit of (to interfere) in other people's business. 18. I was angry at (to interrupt) every other moment.

    Ex. 1.8 Put the gerund in brackets into the proper form.Remember that after verbsto want, to need, to deserve, to require, and to be worthwe use active gerund.

    E.g. My watch needs repairing (but not being repaired).

    1. The machine needs (to clean). 2. I am quite serious in (to say) that I don't want to go abroad. 3. He seemed sorry for (to be) inattentive to his child. 4. She confessed of (to forget) to send the letter. 5. The old man could not stand (to tell) what he should do. 6. Going to the party was no use: he had no talent for (to dance). 7. After thoroughly (to examine) the student, the professor gave him a satisfactory mark. 8. After thoroughly (to examine) by the examination commission, the student was given a satisfactory mark. 9. She accused him of (to steal) her purse. 10. She reproached me for (not to write) to her. 11. This job is not worth (to take). 12. After (to look) through and (to mark) the students' papers, the teacher handed them back. 13. After (to look) through and (to mark), the papers were handed back to the students. 14. These clothes want (to wash). 15. David was very glad of (to find) his aunt. 16. Excuse me for (to break) your beautiful vase. 17. You never mentioned (to be) to Greece. 18. She was proud of (to award) the cup of a champion. 19. I don't remember ever (to meet) your sister. 20. I don't remember (to ask) this question by anybody. 21. The cat was punished for (to break) the cup. 22. The cat was afraid of (to punish) and hid itself under the sofa.


    Remember some verbs and phrases after which we use the gerund with a definite preposition

    to accuse of

    to keep on

    to agree to

    to insist on

    to approve of

    to look forward to

    to be afraid of

    to object to

    to be proud of

    to persist in

    to congratulate on

    to prevent from

    to depend on

    to succeed in

    to dream of

    to suspect of

    to feel like

    to thank for

    to give up the idea of

    to think of


    Ex. 1.9 Translate into Russian paying attention to the gerund.

    1. My friend succeeded in translating this difficult text. 2. She suspected him of deceiving her. 3. The poor peasant thanked Robin Hood heartily for having helped him. 4. He gave up the idea of ever hearing from her. 5. We are looking forward to seeing you again. 6. He has always dreamt of visiting other countries. 7. He persisted in trying to solve that difficult problem. 8. The cold weather prevented the girls from going for long walks. 9. Jane thought of leaving Lowood after Miss Temple's marriage. 10. They accuse him of having robbed the house. 11. He never agreed to their going on that dangerous voyage. 12. He did not approve of her drinking so much coffee. 13. The teacher of mathematics did not approve of his pupils dreaming. 14. All the happiness of my life depends on your loving me. 15. I don't feel like seeing him. 16. I insist on being told the truth. 17. I object to his borrowing money from you.18. I stretched out my hand to prevent her from falling. 19. He was afraid of waking her up. 20. I'm looking forward to going on holiday. 21. She congratulated herself on having thought of such a good idea.
    Ex. 1.10 Translate into English using the gerund.

    1. Благодарю вас, что вы прислали мне такие красивые цветы. 2. Его обвинили в том, что он продал важные государственные секреты. 3. Он отрицал, что продал их. 4. Он настаивал на том, что невиновен. 5. Он боялся, что его посадят в тюрьму. 6. Шум в соседней комнате мешал мне думать. 7. Я думаю о том, чтобы поехать на юг летом. 8. Мальчик отрицал, что его постоянно ругают и наказывают. 9. Я настаиваю на том, чтобы поговорить с ним. 10. Я с нетерпением ждал встречи с братом. 11. Мне что-то не хочется сегодня играть в лото. 12. Ей удалось сделать очень хороший перевод этого трудного текста.
    Gerundial Constructions
    Compare:

    Idon't mind opening the window.

    I don't mind his opening the window.

    She did not object to doing the room.

    She did not object to my doing the room.

    She insisted on being allowed to go home.

    She insisted on her son being allowed to go home.



    Ex. 2.1 Make up five sentences from each table.


    I

    insisted on

    my

    going there.

    He

    looked forward to

    his

    being sent there.

    She

    thought of

    her

    coming back.

    We

    objected to

    our

    being given this task.

    You

    dreamed of

    your

    being invited to the party.

    They




    their

    inviting to the party.




    I

    am

    pleased with

    my

    behaving so.

    He

    is

    sure of

    your

    having said it.

    She

    are

    surprised at

    his

    having been praised.

    We

    was

    proud of

    our

    playing so well.

    You

    were




    their

    being invited there.

    They







    Jane's

    having won the match.


    Ex. 2.2 Transform the subordinate clauses with the prepositions in brackets.

    1. When they entered the house, they heard the last bell ringing. (on) 2. Thank you that you invited me to the theatre. (for) 3. The woman insisted that her husband should consult the doctor at once. (on) 4. She could not think that the operation might be postponed. (of) 5. There was little hope that James would return on the same day. (of) 6. The thought that he had been turned away by the doorkeeper made him feel miserable. (of) 7. The pleasant-faced middle-aged woman insisted that Olga should come to her town to teach. (on) 8. Helen suggested that they should go on a trip. 9. There is a possibility that my father will join us for the trip. (of) 10. The girls knew that the sportsman had been awarded a prize. (of) 11.I don't mind if you walk to the underground station with me.
    Ex. 2.3 Combine the sentences using Gerundial Constructions.

    Model: They lost the game. I am surprised at it. – I am surprised at their having lost the game.

    1. Nick studies very well. His father is proud of it. 2. Kate failed in the examination. We are surprised at it. 3. He will come in time. I am sure of it. 4. She plays the piano very well. I am pleased with it. 5. Our football players won the match. We are proud of it. 6. They are here. I am surprised at it. 7. When you quarrel, I dislike it. 8. When you open the window I don't mind it. 9. When they dance, I enjoy it. 10. When he gets an excellent mark, his parents are pleased with it.
    Ex. 2.4 Paraphrase the sentences using Gerundial Constructions.

    Models: I want him to clean the floor. – I insist on his cleaning the floor. I don't want him

    to be sent there. – I object to his being sent there.

    1. I want Kate to recite this poem. 2. They wanted me to take part in the competition. 3. I don't want Jane to stay here alone. 4. The teacher wanted the pupils to do this exercise. 5. Mother did not want Mary to go to the cinema. 6. I don't want him to be elected a chairman. 7. I want her to be sent to the conference.
    Ex. 2.5 Find gerundial constructions in the following sentences and state their syntactic function. Translate the sentences.

    1. I will not stand your encouraging people as you do. 2. It was he who reported the fact of her being missing to the police. 3. There must be no chance of our being identified. 4. Will you give me a certificate of your being unable to go? 5. Forgive my saying it. 6. She spoke of my being an adopted son to her. 7. He thought of Jane's coming that night. 8. The editors were firmly in favour of impeaching the President. There was a talk of his resigning. 9. Reid's lips had stretched into a grin without his knowing it.
    Ex. 2.6 Transform the following sentences using Gerundial Constructions with prepositions where necessary.

    1. My teacher insists that I should read aloud every day. 2. Will Mary have anything against it if I take her umbrella for some time? 3. I remember that I have seen this picture somewhere. 4. That you are against John's proposal does not mean that I must decline it. 5. The fact that you took English lessons some years ago helps you in your studies now. 6. I am told that you are very busy. 7. Do you mind if I smoke here? 8. Will you object if I close the door? 9. Thank you that you did it. 10. Tom was afraid that he must be late. 11. Bill remembered that he had walked about the factory gate for months. 12. When the young man graduated from Harvard, he returned to Russia. 13. Mary asked John to forgive her that she had not answered his letter sooner. 14. After we had passed our exams, we had a very entertaining evening. 15. Michael remembered that he had enjoyed the trip to the Bahamas. 16. They gave up the idea that they would find work. 17. The girls were afraid that they might miss the train. 18. I am thankful that I have been given a chance to hear this outstanding singer. 19. Helen insisted that she should be given this job. 20. I don’t remember that I have ever seen anyone dance like Plisetskaya.
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