UNIT 1: MY FUTURE PROFESSION
INDEFINITE ACTIVE TENSES / CONTINUOUS ACTIVE TENSES WORD FORMATION
Содержание: самостоятельное изучение грамматического материала, выполнение лексико-грамматических упражнений по теме. Работа с новыми словами и терминологической лексикой. Чтение и перевод текстов по специальности. Работа над текстом.
LESSON1: MY FUTURE PROFESSION
WORD FORMATION, PRESENT INDEFINITE ACTIVE
Add to your vocabulary:
to come true исполниться
to enter поступить
freight traffic перевозка грузов
nowadays в наши дни
to be in demand пользоваться спросом
labour market рынок труда
an important важная область
to develop at a high rate развиваться высокими темпами
impossible without food невозможно без продуктов питания
the right supply chain правильная поставка товаров
to manage управлять, руководить
receiving raw materials приобретение сырья
on customer’s doorstep к порогу заказчика
to offer предлагать
a wide array of freight services широкая сеть грузовых услуг
primary aim первоначальная цель
to achieve customer’s deliveries произвести доставку к заказчикам
within the shortest period в течение кратчайшего периода времени
to remain cost effective оставаться выгодным по стоимости
to save time and money экономить время и деньги
to deal with freight traffic иметь дело с перевозкой грузов
hard упорный, трудный
to develop our skills развивать наши умения
to solve many problems решать много проблем
transportation of goods транспортировка грузов
to take into account учитывать
fuel saving экономия топлива
efficient shipment рациональная погрузка
rational routes of delivery рациональные маршруты доставки
time saving экономия времени
correct packing and stowage правильная упаковка и укладка
traffic intensity интенсивность движения
to provide обеспечить
to injure the environment нанести вред окружающей среде
to keep all safety regulations соблюдать технику безопасности
to assure обеспечить, гарантировать
freight quality and quantity качество и количество груза
to deliver in time доставить своевременно
to study hard учиться упорно
to get deep knowledge получить глубокие знания
to become становиться
a highly qualified specialist высококвалифицированный специалист
to pull a few strings переговорить, воспользоваться связями
to have connections иметь связи
to find a good job найти хорошую работу
a letter of recommendations письмо с рекомендациями
promising перспективный, подающий надежды
stressful стрессовый, напряженный
to have no experience не иметь опыта
to follow one’s footsteps следовать по стопам
to apply for the position подать заявление о приеме на должность
Mathematics, the Kazakh Academy of Transport and Communications, the faculty of organization of transportation, speciality, profession, in demand, national economy, impossible, product, customer’s doorstep, competent specialists, optimal strategy for business, array of freight services, primary aim, delivery, within, cost effective, clients, responsible, carefully, to perform, knowledge, a highly qualified specialist
Translate the following word combinations:
Transportation of goods, to take into account, fuel saving , efficient shipment, rational routes of delivery, time saving, correct packing and stowage, traffic intensity, to provide harmless freight transportation, to injure the environment and people, to keep all safety regulations, to assure freight quality and quantity, to deliver in time
Read the text and translate it:
MY FUTURE PROFESSION
Hello, everybody! Here is Bulat Mansurov. I was always good at mathematics and physics. I decided to become a transport provider. My dream came true. I entered the Kazakh Academy of Transport and Communications, the faculty of organization of transportation. People of this profession are in demand in the labour market today.
Transport is an important field of national economy. It is developing at a high rate. Our life is impossible without food and other necessary things. It is very important to provide the right organization of transportation.
Competent specialists can offer the optimal strategy for business. They may offer a wide array of freight services.Their primary aim is to achieve customer’s deliveries within the shortest possible period, while remaining cost effective. This will save time and money for clients.
This profession is very responsible and hard. People of my profession must provide a proper delivery of goods. While planning transportation of goods, they must take into account fuel saving , efficient shipment, rational routes of delivery, time saving, correct packing and stowage, traffic intensity and many other factors. Specialists in organization of transportation must provide harmless freight transportation not to injure the environment and people. They must keep all safety regulations. People of my profession must think of assuring freight quality and quantity. Freight must be delivered in time.
I think that everybody must perform his future profession competently. That’s why I must study hard nowadays. My aim is to get deep knowledge and to become a highly qualified specialist.
5. Answer the questions:
Where does Bulat Mansurov study?
What is his speciality?
Why is it developing at a high rate?
What do competent specialists offer the clients?
What problems must transport providers take into account while transportatuion of goods?
Why must Bulat study hard nowadays?
Finish the sentences:
Bulat was always good ……. .
He decided to become a …….. .
Our life is impossible without …….. .
It is very important to organize ……. .
This profession is ….. .
Specialists must take into account …..
Freight must be delivered …… .
Everybody must perform …… .
Bulat’s aim is to become ….. .
CONSOLIDATION OF GRAMMAR MATERIAL
7. Remember generally used suffixes of substantives:
-er/or – teacher, doctor, writer, actor
- ist – scientist, artist, dentist
- ment – development, government, movement
- (t)ion – revolution, translation, operation
- ity/ty – popularity, honesty, ability
- sion/ssion – revision, session, discussion
- ness – happiness, darkness, illness
8. Make up nouns from the following verbs by means of the suffix - “ment”. Translate the new words.
Example: replace- replacement; move- movement
Equip, invest, manage, agree, achieve, establish, develop, punish, assess, improve
9. Translate the following adjectives:
Remember the suffixes of adjectives: -ic, -al, -ous, -ive, -ful,- able
Economic, systematic, professional, active, peaceful, experimental, effective, nervous, magnetic, harmful, electronic, attractive, practical, mountainous, mechanical, automatic, electric, communicative, careful, comfortable, remarkable
10. Make up adjectives from the following words:
Color, beauty, peace, use, hope, truth, rain, help, power, pain, care
PRESENT INDEFINITE ACTIVE
11. Open the brackets using the verbs in the Present Indefinite, translate the sentences:
She (to learn) English.
Anna (to do) her lessons every day.
She (to live) in that house.
After supper my friend (to go) for a walk.
Usually he (to have) dinner at 3 o’clock.
Our father usually (to come) home late.
They often (to take) a tram.
His brother (to go) in for sports.
12. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative:
The students remember this rule.
Nick goes to bed at ten o’clock.
She meets him every day.
He takes a bus every morning.
We know his address.
It takes me an hour to get to work.
They learn English.
My father is fond of sports.
They are often late for lessons.
13. Correct the mistakes in the sentences:
1. The children finishes school at 4 o’clock.
2. Mary and Fred often goes out with their friends in the evening.
3. She doesn’t watches television on Sunday morning.
4. They doesn’t sometimes go joging to the park in the afternoon.
5. He don’t go sailing at the weekend.
LESSONS 2: MY FUTURE PROFESSION
WORD FORMATION, PAST INDEFINITE ACTIVE
1. Do you agree with the following statements?
All people want to have a well-paid job in order to provide themselves and their families on a high level.
It’s extremely difficult for young people to choose a future profession after leaving school.
Choosing a profession is an easy matter.
You decided to follow your parents’ footsteps.
Your future profession is the most necessary and useful one.
Your father is an engineer.
You parents approved your choice.
You think that you have made the right choice of your future profession.
You want to work in a large and famous company after graduating from the Academy.
2. Answer the questions:
Are you proud of your future profession?
Would you like to run your own business?
Would you like to work in a small firm or in a large company?
Is it difficult to find a good job in today’s market?
Do you try to get the right combination of skills?
Will your parents pull a few strings to provide you with a job?
Will you have any work experience just after graduating from the Academy?
Must you have connections to find a good job in today’s market?
3. Define the part of speech of the following words:
Initial, miniature, carriage, intensify, efficiency, continuous, economic, replacement, manager, strength, frequency, feature, permanent, growth, widely, facilitate, width, powerful, failure, criticize, changeable, formulate, summarize, maker, numerous, dangerous, picture, pleasure, discussion, measure, pressure, transmission, renew, invention, future, collision
4. Translate word groups:
Broad – broaden –breadth; wide- widen – width; strong – strength – strengthen; deep – deepen – depth; short – shorten; long – length – lengthen; weak - weaken
5. Find root words in each line:
Serve, severe, seventh, servant, service
Work, worth, workless, worst, worn, workable
Thank, than, think, thick, thankful, thanks
Power, powered, powder, powerful, poured
PAST INDEFINITE AСTIVE
6. Make up sentences according to the model:
I didn’t see Jim, I saw Max.
1. We ….. Jack, we ….. David.(meet)
2. They ….. a Volvo, they ….. a Fiat.(buy)
3. I ….. my passport, I ….my ticket.(lose)
4. I ….. a bus, I …… a tram. (take)
5. She ….. home from the Academy early, she ….. late. (come)
6. He ….. in summer, he ….. in spring. (travel)
7. Yesterday she ….. busy, she ….. free.(be)
7. Find mistakes and write sentences correctly:
1. He buyed a car.
2. Where you went yesterday?
3. You see your friend last week?
4. He studyed English last year.
5. I was in the library the last week.
8. Write questions to the given answers:
I got up at 7 o’clock.
No, I didn’t. I didn’t do my morning exercises.
Yes, I did. I had breakfast with my parents.
Yes, I did. I drank a cup of tea.
Yes, I did. I drank tea with sugar.
I left the house at 8 o’clock.
Yes, I did. I went to the Academy by bus.
My classes started at 8.30.
I watched TV, looked through magazines and newspapers before going to bed.
LESSON 3: MY FUTURE PROFESSION
WORD FORMATION, FUTURE INDEFINITE ACTIVE
1. Choose your answer and give your arguments:
Where would you like to work after graduation from the Academy?
a) for a state enterprise;
b) at the office;
c) in small business;
d) to run own business;
e) at a plant;
f) in a large famous company;
g) other plans;
h) to go abroad and learn innovations in order to apply them in own country;
i) to work abroad.
2. Answer the following questions:
Why did you decide to choose this occupation?
Was it difficult for you to solve this problem after leaving school?
Did you speak to your parents about your future occupation?
Did your parents approve your choice?
What do you think about your decision? Was it right?
Do you know about difficulties of your future profession?
Is your future profession dangerous and stressful?
Is your future profession interesting and promissing?
Do you think that your profession is the best one? Why do you think so?
Are the people of your profession in demand in the labor market?
Will you run your own business or work for a state enterprise?
Will you work in a big company or start working in small business?
What advantages has your profession?
What character features are required for your future occupation?
Do you like to study at our Academy?
3. Derive the nouns from verbs and translate them:
Example: To install –installation
To operate, to maintain, to build, to require, to locate, to transport, to use, to tax, to depend
4. Translate derivatives:
Construction, safety, widely, appearance, slowly, suitability, changeable, traction, importance, popularity, economic, transportation, builder
5. Write the first form of the words:
a) faster, later, safest, lightest, earlier, smaller, greater, wider, slowest, better, worst, lower
b) used, loaded, could, did, made, built, constructed, depends, has, is, drawing, transporting, looked, were, had, invented, believed, put, taken, operated, drew, been, ran, was, does
FUTURE INDEFINITE ACTIVE
6. Open the brackets using the verbs in the Future Indefinite, translate the sentences:
I (to see) them next Saturday.
They (to be) here tomorrow.
We (to have) a test in a week
She (to spend) holidays in the country.
They (to come) back next week?
You (to wait) for me?
She (to agree) with you?
I (not to be busy) in the evening.
She (not to go) to the Academy tomorrow.
When she (to study) English?
How we (to get) there?
How many people (to arrive) next week?
7. Are you optimistic or pessimistic about the future of the world? Discuss your opinions on these subjects.
Do you think that …..
we’ll find life on other planets?
we’ll live on other planets?
machines will be intelligent?
we’ll control everything?
our cars will not pollute the environment?
LESSON 4: ORGANIZATION OF TRANSPORTATION
Add to your vocabulary:
rolling stock — подвижной состав
proper organization of freight traffic — правильная организация перевозки грузов
develop effective and safe routes разработать — эффективные и безопасные маршруты движения
to include — включать
fuel economy — экономия топлива
assuring the right quality and quantity of cargo — сохранение нужного качества и количества груза
keeping safety requirements — соблюдение техники безопасности
traffic safety — безопасность движения
environmental protection — охрана окружающей среды
compliance of labor laws — выполнение требований трудового законодательства
timely delivery of goods — своевременная доставка грузов
to suggest — предполагать
reduction of time spent — сокращение затраченного времени
loading and unloading operations — погрузочно-разгрузочные операции
the application of their comprehensive mechanization — применение комплексной механизации
strict adherence to delivery and work schedule of vehicles строгое — соблюдение графиков подачи и работы транспортных средств
preparation of driveways and maneuvering areas — подготовка подъездных путей и площадок для маневрирования
vehicle — транспортное средство
car with a trailer — автомобиль с прицепом
preparation of goods — предварительная подготовка грузов
correct placement of freight — правильное размещение грузов
to contribute — способствовать
uniform distribution of the weight load — равномерное распределение весовой нагрузки
the chassis of the vehicle — ходовая часть транспортного средства
relevant sections of the road — соответствующие участки пути
road conditions — дорожные условия
visibility — видимость, обзорность
traffic intensity — интенсивность движения
strict observance of traffic rules — строгое соблюдение правил дорожного движения
rational route — рациональный маршрут движения
to take into account — принимать во внимание
the shortest distance — кратчайшее расстояние
driving mode — режим движения
at each section of the way — на каждом участке пути
to ensure the vehicle loading — обеспечить загрузку транспортного средства
in both directions — в обоих направлениях
rational stowage — рациональная укладка
to allow maximum use of rolling stock capacity — позволять максимально использовать грузоподъемность подвижного состава