Part 1. Why work?
Listen to passage 1. As you listen answer the questions below.
a) What is intrinsic motivation?
b) What is extrinsic motivation?
c) What can contribute to the rationale why people work?
Listen to passage 1 again and jot down the statement that might be interpreted as sexist. Why have you chosen this statement?
Before listening to passage 2 reflect on the following statements, then discuss and decide whether
you agree or disagree with them.
a. Men are more ambitious than women.
b. Bringing up children hasn't been given a very high priority in your country.
c. A woman can be a total success as a lover, a parent, a planetary citizen, a professional and a spouse.
d. You should wait and postpone children before getting your career well under way.
e. You should set stringent goals and strive towards high ideals.___________
The five statements you have been considering are discussed by Bill and Gillian. Listen to their talk and note down their opinions. Explain why you disagree with Bill and / or Gillian. Cross out the motivations that definitely do not encourage you to work.
Making a living
Enjoying your job
Avoiding boredom and depression
Setting a model for children
Providing security for your family
Staying out of trouble earning a living
Staying off the dole
Being independently wealthy
Having contact with other people
Contributing to the community_____
Due to workaholism
Having sense of self-respect
Supporting a family
Because you're interested in your job
Leaving a legacy
Meeting your future companion
Listen to passage 3.
How could you classify the motivations mentioned? Group them and give
names to your categories.
Write down the money-related expressions mentioned as motivations to work.
What are the two types of legacies in life mentioned in the dialogue?PART 2. Your ResumePassage 1.
Listen to passage 1 and write down the key words which you think are important. What is the speaker's point?Passage 2.
The speaker is going to talk about the following four topics concerning resumes. In the box under each topic, write down the order (1,2,3,4) in which you think they will occur.
• Listen to passage 2 and check if you predicted correctly. Note down any key information concerning each topic.
• Try to recall if the following statements are either True or False according to the speaker.
• One of the statements has not been considered by the speaker - which one?
a. The speaker files messy resume in a special basket.
b. A resume should always include a business calling card.
c. Poor grammar and spelling don't really hinder a good
d. Handling in a resume that shows poor workmanship is like
signing your own death notice.
e. The resume should start with the present job first and than
list previous jobs and education.
f. Spare-time activities are not at all important in assessing a
g. Any further university studies after a normal 4-year degree,
as well as on-the-job training, are of interest to the
h. Polishing and adapting one's resume suit different jobs is a
Passage 3.Listen to passage 3. Put a tick in the grid when you hear the speakers discussing the topics.
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Length of resume
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List of publications
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Appendix to resume
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> Listen to passage 3 again and gather more details concerning the specific topics in the grid below.
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Number of pages of resume
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Advantages of short resume
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Number of publications
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Listen to the speaker talking about cover letters and answer the questions below.
a) What is the purpose of a cover letter?
b) What do the contents of a cover letter usually include?
Listen to the following two people telling anecdotes about being interviewed as a job applicant. Fill in the grid below.
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Moral of the anecdote
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When applying for a job, it is important to have prepared not only one's resume or letter, but also the job interview itself.
PART 3. Dressing for Business.
The consumer magazine Which? carried out a survey of its members to find out their general opinion of office clothes and also the kind of clothes which they felt were suitable for different kinds of jobs. More than 1,000 Which? members were involved in the survey which was in two parts.
Look at the following statements about clothes to wear at work and tick the correct box.
You should have reasons for your answers.
1. The way people dress at work usually indicates how competent they are at their jobs.
2. Wouldn't have faith in an executive who wore jeans to work.
3. Men shouldn't be allowed to take off their jackets at work even in the summer.
4. Bosses should always be smartly dressed .
5. People should be allowed to wear exactly what they want at work.
6. Firms who want employees to wear particular clothes should pay for those clothes.
7. In most firms, the way you dress will affect your chances of promotion.
8. People work best in the clothes they feel most comfortable in.
9. People wearing unusual clothes to work give a bad impression to сlients._______________________
Listen to passage 1. Write down the expressions introducing the speakers' opinion. What do the speakers mean by "correctly dressed"?
Listen to passage 2 and answer the questions below.
a) What do the speakers say about the importance of dress in the business world?
b) Which expression does Bill use that Gillian doesn't like? Why do you think she is uncomfortable with it?
c) What expression does she suggest instead?
Listen to passage 2 again and note the remarks in the dialogue that could be interpreted as sexist against women?
Listen to passage 3 and complete Gillian's notes.
... wanted poster for the person ... ... grinding letters out all day ... ... sloppy vs. neat... ... conservative vs. ...
Listen to passage 4 and note down the examples illustrating the problem of dressing in cultures different from your own. What is meant by 'a howlie'?
When people go to social functions, what are they sometimes uptight about?
Listen to passage 5 and answer the questions below:
a) What does Gillian think about men carrying purses?
b) Do you agree with Bill that the amount of the junk expands to meet the size of the briefcase.
Listen to passage 6 and answer the questions below:
a) What is the point of the conversation?
b) Do you agree with Gillian's statement that "if people do their job properly, as long as they don't exaggerate, one's got to be fairly flexible these days".
Listen to passage 7 and group the adjectives below as + (positive) and - (negative) attributes respectively. The context will help you to decide where to place the adjectives you are not familiar with: discreet, neat, pleasing, flashy, subtle, scraggly, subdued, polished, garish.
> Listen to passage 7 again and take notes of what the woman, and the man have to say about dressing for an interview for managerial position.
Listen to passage 8 and identify the details you think might be just a bit of nonsense.
EXERCISE 1 Read the text below and highlight the points which you think most
important and least important for an interview to be a success. Compare your notes with those of your classmates
YOUR FIRST INTERVIEW
With unemployment so high, and often with much applicants chasing every job, consider yourself lucky to be called for an interview. If it's your first attempt, you're must bound to be nervous. (In fact if you're not nervous then maybe your attitude is wrong!) But don't let the jitters side-track you from the main issue - which is getting this job. The only way you can do that is by creating a good impression on the person who is interviewing you. Here's how to achieve the best:
Find out as much as you can about the job beforehand. Ask the job centre or employment agency for as much information as possible.
Jot down your qualifications and experience and think about how they relate to the job. Why should the employer employ you and not somebody else?
Choose your interview clothing with care; no one is going to employ you if you look was though you have wandered out of a disco. Whether you like it or not, appearance counts. Make sure you know where the interview office is and how to get there. Be on time, or still better, be a few minutes early.
Bring a pen; you will probably be asked to fill in an application form. Answer all the questions as best you can. And write natively; The interviewer will be looking at your application during the interview; he or she must be able to read it.
Do not ever walk into the interview chewing gum sucking on a sweet or smoking.
Do not forget to bring with you any school certificates, samples of your work or letters of
recommendation from your teachers or anyone else you might have worked for, part-time or
Do not forget to shake hands with the interviewer.
Do not smoke or sit down until you are invited.
Do not give the interviewer a hard time by giggling, yawning, appearing cocky or argumentative
Do not ever stress poor aspects of yourself, like your problem with getting up in the morning.
Make a real effort to answer every question the interviewer asks. Be clear and concise. Never answer 'Yes' or 'No' or shrug.
Admit it if you do not know something about the more technical aspects of the job. Stress that you are willing to learn.
Show some enthusiasm when the job is explained to you. Concentrate on what the interviewer is saying, and if he or she asks if you have any questions, have at least one ready to show that you're interested and have done your homework
Sell yourself. This doesn't mean exaggerating (you'll just get caught out) or making your experience or interests seem unimportant (if you sell yourself short no one will employ you). Ask questions at the close of the interview. For instance, about the pay, hours, holidays, or if there is a training programme Always show your best side: especially your desire to work and your sense of responsibility.
After the interview
Think about how you presented yourself: could you have done better? If so, and if you do not get the job, you can be better prepared when you are called for an interview next time. Good luck!
EXERCISE 2 Read the text and answer the questions below
RELAX, RESPOND, DON'T GAB
One of the most common mistakes, experts say, is when a candidate talks too much. Ideally, one should answer the questions but also be able to stop and listen — but some people cannot do so because of nerves.
A candidate should expect to be interrupted. And showing too little interest and asking no questions in return leaves a bad impression.
If a candidate does not understand a question, he or she should be able to ask the interviewer to repeat or paraphrase it, said Emma West, HR director at Cadbury Russia.
"I don't mind that," West said. "It's better than when a person gives a completely irrelevant answer."
It is important for candidates to comfortably handle questions about their weaknesses.
Experts advise mentioning only those weaknesses that can be presented in a favorable light. Avoid speaking about obviously bad weaknesses.. Depending on the circumstances, some positive weaknesses might be: "I cannot delegate duties" (meaning, "I'm a perfectionist"); or "Im too open and want to help everyone, which can distract me from doing my own work."
(from The Russia Business Review)
What would you say if you want the interviewer to repeat or rephrase the question ? What are your weaknesses?