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  • О жизни и о том, чего вы хотите.

  • О том, что было бы, если...

  • О том, зачем вы, собственно, нужны... Why should I hire you Почему я должен брать вас на работуО том, чего вы хотите

  • О том, что будет через десять лет

  • О том, умеете ли вы конфликтовать

  • О ваших проблемах и слабостях

  • EXERCISE 4

  • THE ONLY THING PEOPLE ARE INTERESTED IN TODAY IS EARNING MORE MONEY

  • WRITING A Letter of Application EXERCISE 1

  • 4. I wish to apply for the job you have a dvertised. Please send me further I / а Г а а Г details.

  • 7. I am ambitious my present fob doesnt offer me the chance to expand.

  • II. I would be grateful if I could discuss the post available in person and perhaps go into my background and my suitability for the post in more detail.

  • Unit 4 youth's problems pretext exercises


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    EXERCISE 3

    Role play. Using the material below; act as an interviewer, interviewee and interpreter ПОЧЕМУ Я ДОЛЖЕН БРАТЬ ТЕБЯ НА РАБОТУ?

    О том, что поступлению на работу в любую уважающую себя компанию с большим или меньшим участием иностранного капитала предшествует интервью (аналог нашего собеседования ) известно всем и довольно хорошо. И то, что на это интервью надо являться в галстуке, с аккуратной стрижкой и без опозданий, тоже не секрет.

    Но о чем именно вас там будут спрашивать?

    Сегодня мы публикуем сводный перечень вопросов, которые задают кандидатам менеджеры по кадрам и директора по персоналу в крупных и средних фирмах США и Канады, а также в представительствах американских и канадских фирм в России.


    О жизни и о том, чего вы хотите.

    Tell me about yourself.

    What do you want to do with your

    life?

    Do you have any actual work

    experience?

    How would you describe your ideal

    job?

    Why did you choose this career?

    What goals do you have in your

    career?

    How do you plan to achieve these

    goals?

    What motivates you?

    Расскажите о себе.

    Что вы хотели бы сделать со своей

    жизнью?

    Есть ли у вас реальный опыт работы?

    Как бы вы описали идеальную для

    вас работу?

    Почему вы избрали именно этот вид

    деятельности?

    Какие цели вы ставите себе в

    профессиональном плане?

    Как вы планируете их достичь?

    Какова ваша мотивация?


    21



    Об успехе.

    How do you evaluate success? Что для вас успех?

    Describe a situation in which you were Опишите ситуацию, в которой вы достигли
    successful. успеха.

    What accomplishments have Какие достижения принесли вам
    given you the most satisfaction наибольшее удовлетворение в жизни?
    in your life?

    О том, что было бы, если...

    If you had to live your life over again, what Если бы вы родились заново, что бы вы
    would you change? изменили в своей жизни?

    О том, компанейский ли вы человек

    Would your rather work with information Вы предпочитаете работать с
    or with people? информацией или с людьми?

    Умеете ли вы играть в
    Are you a team player? команде?

    О том, зачем вы, собственно, нужны...

    Why should I hire you? Почему я должен брать вас на работу?

    О том, чего вы хотите?

    Are you a goal-oriented person? У вас есть четкие цели?

    Tell me about some of your recent goals and Расскажите о том, чего вы хотели в

    what you did to achieve them. последнее время и что вы делали, чтобы

    этого достичь.

    When did you decide upon this Когда вы решили избрать для себя именно
    career? этот род деятельности?

    О том, что будет через десять лет

    What are your short-term Какие у вас цели на ближайшее время?
    goals?

    What is your long-range Какова ваша перспективная цель?

    objective?

    What do you see yourself doing Каким вы видите себя через пять лет?

    five years from now?

    Where do you want to be ten
    Где вы видите себя через десять лет?
    years from now?

    О том, умеете ли вы конфликтовать

    Do you handle conflict well? В состоянии ли вы действовать в условиях

    22

    конфликта?

    Have you ever had a conflict with a boss or Был ли у вас когда-нибудь конфликт с

    professor? боссом или вашим профессором?

    How did you resolve it? Как вы его решили?

    О ваших проблемах и слабостях

    What major problem have you had to deal with С какими основными трудностями вы

    recently? сталкивались в последнее время?

    Do you handle pressure well? В состоянии ли вы эффективно действовать

    в напряженной ситуации?

    What is your greatest strength? Каковы ваши сильные стороны?
    What is your greatest Каковы ваши слабые стороны?
    weakness?

    О том, что было, когда вы учились

    If I were to ask one of your professors to Если бы одного из ваших профессоров
    describe you, what would he or she say? попросили бы описать вас, что бы он о вас

    рассказал?

    Why did you choose to attend your college? Почему вы поступили именно в то учебное

    заведение, куда вы поступили?

    How has your education prepared you for your Как полученное образование повлияло на
    career? вашу карьеру?

    What are your favourite classes? Why? какие у вас во время учебы были любимые

    предметы? Почему?

    Нравилось ли вам вести независимое

    Do you enjoy doing independent research?

    исследование?

    Почему ваши отметки не выше того, что
    Why are your marks not higher? есть?

    Планируете ли вы продолжать образование? Do you have any plans for further education?

    How much training do you think you'll need to Сколько по вашему, потребуется вам
    become a productive employee? времени, чтобы стать продуктивным

    сотрудником?

    О деньгах

    Is money important to you? Важны ли для вас деньги?
    What kind of salary are you looking for? Какой тип жалованья вы

    предпочитаете?

    How much money do you need to make to be Сколько денег вы должны
    happy? зарабатывать, чтобы быть счастливым?

    (from Novy Inostranetz, № 9-10, 1999)

    23

    EXERCISE 4 Read the text and explain the meaning of the underlined collocations

    WORKING 9 TO 5 JUST ISN'T ENOUGH

    Americans live to work and Europeans work to live so the saying goes. And Russians? Well, a new work force armed with a new work ethic may place them on the American side of that equation.

    The labor market is experiencing a resurrection of sorts, but employers and employees are finding they have to shift gears to keep up with present-day demands.

    The changes, according" to labor analysts, mean smaller salaries, heavier workloads and increased professionalism.

    A new breed of Western-trained Russian professionals has emerged, ready to work overtime to promote their careers. But employment experts say these energetic young workers know their value — and though they'll work for lower pay, they're always on the lookout for better opportunities.

    Company demands for employment have changed. After the mass layoffs that followed the tumult of August 1998, companies are now once again scrambling to find qualified people to fill vacancies.

    Each year, Russian professionals are gaining more and more experience in Western companies. And it is from this widening pool of Western-trained professionals that companies are seeking to hire — and nothing less will do.

    But along with the higher standards, multinationals are also offering heavier workloads with smaller salaries. Despite rehiring, most companies will not reach the same level of employment as before the crisis. Diversification and increased responsibilities are a necessity. Employers are counting on this new breed of workers to handle a greater variety of duties and more work in general.

    There seems to be a new hunger to move up the ladder — or on to bigger and better ladders — but means means staying at the office late into the night and putting after-work activities on hold.

    (from The Russia Business Review)

    > On which side of the equation would you place Russians ?

    > What do you think is a new work ethics in Russia, if any?

    > How would you characterize yourself as a would-be employee?

    > How far are you going to move up the ladder?

    EXERCISE 5 Read the text below and highlight the points with which you agree or disagree. Give your reasoning

    THE ONLY THING PEOPLE ARE INTERESTED IN TODAY IS EARNING MORE MONEY

    Once upon a time there lived a beautiful young woman and a handsome young man. They were very poor, but as they were deeply in love, they wanted to get married. The young people's parents shook their heads. 'You can't get married yet, they said "Wait till you get a good job with good prospects. So the young people waited until they found good jobs with good prospects and they were able to get married. They were still poor, of course. They didn't have a house to live in or any furniture, but that didn't matter. The young man had a good job with good prospects, so large organisations lent him the money he needed to buy a house, some furniture, all the latest electrical appliances and a car. The couple lived happily ever after paving off debts for the rest of their lives. And so ends another modern romantic fable.

    We live in a materialistic society and are trained from our earliest years to be acquisitive. Our possessions, 'mine' and 'yours' are clearly labeled from early childhood. When we grow old enough to earn a living, it does surprise us to discover that success is measured in terms of the money you earn. We spend the whole of our lives keeping up with our neighbors, the Joneses, if we buy a new television set, Jones is bound to buy a bigger and better one. If we buy a new car we can be sure that Jones will get on better and get two new cars: one for his wife and one for himself. The most amusing thing about this game is that the Joneses and all the neighbors who are struggling

    24

    frantically to keep up with them are spending borrowed money kindly provided, at a suitable rate of interest, of course, by friendly banks, insurance companies, etc.

    It is not only in affluent societies that people are obsessed with the idea of making more money. Consumer goods are desirable everywhere and modern industry deliberately sets out to create new markets. Gone are the days when industrial goods were made to last forever. The wheels of industry must be kept turning. 'Built-in obsolescence' provides the means: goods are made to be discarded. Cars get thinner and thinner. You no sooner acquire this year's model than you are thinking about its replacement.

    This materialistic outlook has seriously influenced education. Fewer and fewer young people these days acquire knowledge only for its own sake. Every course of studies must lead somewhere: i.e. to a bigger wage packet. The demand for skilled personnel far exceeds the supply and big companies compete with each other to recruit students before they have completed their studies. Tempting salaries and fringe benefits are offered to them. Recruiting tactics of this kind have led to the 'brain drain', the process by which highly skilled people offer their services to the highest bidder. The wealthier nations deprive their poorer neighbors of their most able citizens. While Mammon is worshipped as never before, the rich get richer and the poor, poorer.

    (from For and Against by L.G. Alexander)



    EXERCISE 6 You are going to make an opening speech at a Job Fair. Present these six steps, provide your comments and examples

    > Главное — решиться. Четко определите, чего конкретно вы хотите от этой жизни и сделайте первый шаг на нелегком и увлекательном пути поиска работы.

    ••> Как и во всем, в поиске работы главное — соответствующий настрой и умение мобилизоваться.

    •> Помните о том, что поиск работы — такая же работа, как и любая другая. Учтите, что если Вы не будете, как минимум, по 5 дней в неделю с 10.00 до 18.00 искать работу, Вы не найдете ее вообще.

    •> Будьте активны. Нажимайте на все доступные кнопки, используйте все известные каналы поиска работы. Тогда Ваши шансы многократно увеличатся.

    •> Помните, что поиск работы — это своеобразный торг, на котором и продавцом и товаром одновременно выступаете Вы со своими профессиональными качествами, способностями и навыками. И Ваша задача — подороже продать себя работодателю.

    >Никогда не отчаивайтесь. Даже если Вам в очередной раз отказали, помните — Ваше время не потрачено даром. Вы приобрели полезный опыт поиска работы и общения с работодателем, а это главное — ведь на ошибках учатся. Проанализируйте, что вы сделали не так, чтобы произвести на следующего потенциального работодателя лучшее впечатление. Удачи!

    (from Stolichniye Vesty, № 7, 1999)

    WRITING

    A Letter of Application

    EXERCISE 1 Scan the text below and highlight general points about how to write to a prospective employer

    One very important kind of business letter is an application for a job, but the number of people who have no idea how to write such a letter is amazing. Of course there is no one pattern that will worthwhile please everybody, but there are a number of common types that will please nobody. It may therefore be worth your while to consider a few general points about how to write to a prospective employer (hereafter called "he" or "him") before developing your individual variations.

    25

    1 . Start your letter simply and directly by saying what kind of job you are applying for. Unless you are quite sure either that you are a genius or that he isn't quite bright, don't try to bowl him over with a fancy opening. Here is a beginning which, with minor variations have been closing doors on their writes for years: "Are you looking for a man who...?" In brief, no.

    Not nearly so bad, but still clumsy, is " I am interested in applying for a position as a technician in your department. I should like to know whether there is an opening. I am etc." Never mind the interest — say "I am applying" or " I wish to apply." You are writing the letter on the chance that there is.

    2. Even if it means a little extra work for you, give him all the information you think he might want in the first letter. Unless you tell him enough to interest him, you won't get more than a form letter in reply.

    3. Don't ask him any questions in the first letter, or put any other burden on him. If he gets a number of letters that seem about equally promising, he'll probably answer those that take least effort.

    4. If you enclose a picture, choose one that is appropriate for the job you are seeking, not merely one that flatters your vanity.

    5. Don't enclose a stamped, self-addressed envelope. If he can't or won't answer without one, you don't want the job anyway.

    THE DATA SHEET

    Most important of all, enclose a data sheet. This device has at least three advantages. First, it puts the essential facts together in a convenient form, where they can be scanned almost at a glance - to see if the rest of the letter is worth reading. Second, it provides some protection against leaving out essential information. Third, it allows you to do your boasting impersonally. After all, the main purpose of a letter of application is to tell how good the applicant is. The problem of how to do this effectively is a delicate one. The best general solution is the data sheet (also known as curriculum vitae and resume).

    EXERCISE 2 Work in groups. Imagine that you have received a lot of applications for a job in your firm. Sort them into three piles:

    A: These look promising!

    B: These are possibles.

    C: Thanks, but no thanks! (hopeless cases)

    1 . As you will see from my enclosed CV, I have been working for my present position for three years. I joined them as assistant works manager and was promoted to production manager last year. Before that I had spent two years taking a full-time diploma course.

    2. My name's Jim Brown and I can do great things for your company! I'm 29, unmarried, fit and healthy and I've got all the qualifications and experience to make me the ideal.

    3. I am sure I would be able to manage the department successfully as I am good at supervising people and at giving dear instructions. I feel that I would be ...

    4. I wish to apply for the job you have advertised. Please send me further
    I / аГааГ


    details.

    5. I noted with interest your advertisement for a Marketing Assistant in today's Daily Planet

    6. 1 am writing about the job in your advetisement in todays Evening post. I am having five years experience in the export and import trade as well as the qualificications you ...

    26

    7. I am ambitious my present fob doesn't offer me the chance to expand.

    8. If you consider that my experience and qualifications are suitable, I would be available for interview at any time.

    9. I enclose a C.V, which gives full details of my qualifications and шork experience. Jn support of my application, I should like to mention the following- points:

    I. Although my present employers are first-rate and our relationship is excellent, I am keen to extend my range and am looking for a more rewarding and challenging post.

    II. I would be grateful if I could discuss the post available in person and perhaps go into my background and my suitability for the post in more detail.
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